Strength and Conditioning for Runners

Test Class Activity with Bridie Darcy
12:30 pm - 1:15 pm
Wed
September 20, 2017
Bridie Darcy
 
 

Strength and Conditioning for runners

For many runners their training involves running and increasing the mileage and the speed work to see their race performance improve and achieve personal bests for their chosen distance.

For some this training method will work but for the majority of runners this will lead to injury usually from overtraining, injury due muscle imbalances and poor biomechanics particularly glutes, hips and core.

Which leads the runner into that dreaded time of not been able to run and believe me I have been there and it not a place we want to be. I have made the mistakes of just running and no core and strength work, and ended up injured, once I started to look into the reasons why and through my personal training studies and ongoing professional development it becomes very clear that it is as important to include strength and core training into our training plans.

Not only will it help prevent injury by having a stronger body to cope with the demands of running, it will help to improve performance, improve bone density, increased energy and metabolism and less body fat. Strength training can help to improve structural weakness or imbalances in joints, muscles and connective tissue.

You often find where the site of an injury manifests is not the cause of the injury and many injuries are  due to weakness or tightness in the glutes or hips these can be injuries such as:

Inflammed Tibialis posterior or anterior (bone strain shin splints) which can be due to weakness in the glutes and over-striding.

Palletofemoral pain( runners knee) is often due to a dysfunction in the hip,  abductors, weak abdominals, weak VMO, increased Q angle from wide hips and over pronation and over striding

Piriformis Syndrome can be due to tight abductors, poor biomechanics. Hip Joint injuries and pain can be due to tight hip flexors and spine.

Adductor Tendinopathy is often caused by tightness of the adductors.

Hamstring Tendinopathy is due to short or weakened hamstrings and weak glutes.

Lower leg injuries have also been known to be caused by weak glutes and core and poor biomechanics.

By introducing and strength and conditioning session into your current running you can strengthen the muscles that our often weak or weakened to help prevent injuries and improve running efficiency

The term core stability maybe a familiar term to you or one that you have heard other runners say or your physio, coach or personal trainer say we need to work on your core stability.

What does core stability really mean often you will think of your core as the bit in the middle of your body (trunk and pelvic area). Your main core stabilisers consist of the deep transverse abdominis known as TA these muscles lay deep beneath the six pack and almost like a corset wrap around your midriff, gluteal in particular the glute medius  and the muscles of the lower back.

They all have their own role but work together as a cylinder to stabilise the spine and pelvis If these muscles are weak and don’t activate (switch on) when the need to the phasic muscles have to act, as this is not their usual job to stabilise the additional work can leave them short and tight, this  can pull the body out of alignment which in turn leaves it more susceptible to injury.

With a core and strengthening plan  that focus on exercises which will strengthen the core and muscles used for running you can begin to enable theses muscles start to activate and stabilise. Exercise such as glute bridges, clams, planks, side planks, one leg exercises, squats and lunges, specific core exercises and upper body exercises which will help with arm alignment for running, these should be performed on non-running days or light running days and should not be performed on consecutive days.

Another form of strength training is plyometrics and research has shown to be effective for a runner, which helps to train the muscles to fire quicker and recruit more motor units, which enable them to respond more explosively and powerfully. During a plyometric exercises like a jump or a hop a concentric contraction is followed by an eccentric one, coupling of these contractions will improve your ability to exert at speed which will make you a more efficient and powerful runner.

Plyometrics should not be performed by a beginner, these should built into your strength program once you have a good base of core stability and strength and start with just one session a week and not as part of your running training.

Including a strength and conditioning as part of your weekly training plan, you will start to introduce core stability and specific strength work you will soon see you are running more efficiently and feel stronger. Before you begin to include a strength and conditioning into your current training, I would highly recommend working with a coach or a personal trainer who has a good knowledge on running.

To help you devise a program which compliments your current running training load for instance if you are in your competitive season the strength and conditioning would be based more on endurance and lighter weights so you are not fatigued for your running, but if your on a lower mileage and running intensity the strength work can be increased which will allow you to become stronger when your mileage and intensity increase. Working with a coach or personal trainer will ensure your technique is correct.

Including core stability, strength and conditioning can seem like a strange concept and often neglected but as you introduce it you will soon see a benefit and improvement in your running and the role within injury prevention.

Recently one of my clients who I have been working with has taken 3 minutes of her 10 mile time and other clients who run 2.50 marathons  and used to run in pain are now running pain free, from introducing core stability and specific strength and conditioning for running.

 

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"I was about a size 12 and didn't really really enjoy working with weights but was looking to improve my body shape. After completing 17 sessions, I am now a size 8 and am really happy to say all the hard work has paid off."
Alex Devani